syntagma n : a syntactic string of words that forms a part of some larger syntactic unit [syn: syntagm] [also: syntagmata (pl)]
Etymology< French syntagme < suntagma, suntagmat- "arrangement, syntactic unit" < suntassein, suntag- "to put in order"
- A syntactic
string of words that
forms a part of some larger syntactic unit; a construction.
- three Transylvanian peoples collectively known under the syntagm of Unio Trium Nationum
- A sequence of linguistic units in a syntagmatic relationship to one another.
- A Macedonian phalanx fighting formation consisting of 256 men with 6-metre spears, the sarissa.
The Constitution of Greece (Syntagma), was created by the Fifth Revisional Parliament of the Hellenes and entered into force in 1975. It has been revised twice since, in 1986 and in 2001. The Constitutional history of Greece goes back to the Greek War of Independence, during which the first three revolutionary Greek constitutions were adopted. Syntagma Square (Plateia Syntagmatos) in Athens is named after the constitution.
ContextThe Constitution consists of 120 articles and it is set out in 4 parts:
- The first part (articles 1-3), Basic provisions, establishes Greece as a parliamentary presidential republic, and confirms the prevalence of the Orthodox Church in Greece.
- The second part (articles 4-25) concerns individual and social rights, whose protection has been reinforced after the Revision of 2001. The new provisions regulate subjects such as the protection of personal data and the competence of certain independent authorities.
- The third part (articles 26-105) describes the organization and function of the State. Article 28 formally integrates international laws and international conventions into Greek law.
- The fourth part (articles 106-120) comprises special, final and transitory provisions.
Constitutional amendmentsThe Constitution of 1975 has been twice revised: in 1986 and in 2001. The prime minister Kostas Karamanlis announced the initiative of his government for a new revision and opened the debate about the proposed modifications.
Constitutional history of Greece
During the modern history of Greece, the Constitution of 1975/1986/2001 is the last in a series of democratically adopted Constitutions (with the exception of the Constitutions of 1968 and 1973 imposed by a dictatorship). The first of these Constitutions was adopted in 1822. The current constitution is formally a major revision of the constitution of 1952, as effected by the 5th Revisional Parliament.
External linkswikisourcepar Constitution of Greece
syntagma in French: Constitution de la Grèce
syntagma in Polish: Konstytucja Grecji